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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS MORAL RIGHTS AND THE MOTION PICTURE

INDUSTRY

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SUBCOMMITTEE ON
COURTS, INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY,
AND THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

ONE HUNDRED FIRST CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

JANUARY 9, 1990

Serial No. 131

Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

JACK BROOKS, Texas, Chairman
ROBERT W. KASTENMEIER, Wisconsin HAMILTON FISH, JR., New York
DON EDWARDS, California

CARLOS J. MOORHEAD, California
JOHN CONYERS, JR., Michigan

HENRY J. HYDE, Illinois ROMANO L. MAZZOLI, Kentucky

F. JAMES SENSENBRENNER, JR., WILLIAM J. HUGHES, New Jersey

Wisconsin MIKE SYNAR, Oklahoma

BILL MCCOLLUM, Florida PATRICIA SCHROEDER, Colorado

GEORGE W. GEKAS, Pennsylvania DAN GLICKMAN, Kansas

MICHAEL DEWINE, Ohio BARNEY FRANK, Massachusetts

WILLIAM E. DANNEMEYER, California GEO. W. CROCKETT, JR., Michigan

HOWARD COBLE, North Carolina CHARLES E. SCHUMER, New York

D. FRENCH SLAUGHTER, JR., Virginia BRUCE A. MORRISON, Connecticut

LAMAR S. SMITH, Texas EDWARD F. FEIGHAN, Ohio

CHUCK DOUGLAS, New Hampshire LAWRENCE J. SMITH, Florida

CRAIG T. JAMES, Florida
HOWARD L. BERMAN, California

TOM CAMPBELL, California
RICK BOUCHER, Virginia
HARLEY O. STAGGERS, JR., West Virginia
JOHN BRYANT, Texas
BENJAMIN L. CARDIN, Maryland
MEL LEVINE, California
GEORGE E. SANGMEISTER, Ilinois
CRAIG A. WASHINGTON, Texas

WILLIAM M. JONES, General Counsel
ROBERT H. BRINK, Deputy General Counsel
ALAN F. COFFEY, JR., Minority Chief Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON COURTS, INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, AND THE ADMINISTRATION OF

JUSTICE

ROBERT W. KASTENMEIER, Wisconsin, Chairman GEO. W. CROCKETT, JR., Michigan

CARLOS J. MOORHEAD, California HOWARD L. BERMAN, California

HENRY J. HYDE, Illinois JOHN BRYANT, Texas

HOWARD COBLE, North Carolina RICK BOUCHER, Virginia

D. FRENCH SLAUGHTER JR., Virginia GEORGE E. SANGMEISTER, Illinois

HAMILTON FISH, JR., New York WILLIAM J. HUGHES, New Jersey

F. JAMES SENSENBRENNER, JR., MIKE SYNAR, Oklahoma

Wisconsin MEL LEVINE, California

MICHAEL J. REMINGTON, Chief Counsel

VIRGINIA E. SLOAN, Counsel
CHARLES G. GEYH, Counsel

ELIZABETH R. FINE, Counsel
THOMAS E. MOONEY, Minority Counsel
JOSEPH V. WOLFE, Minority Counsel

(II)

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269

62

January 9, 1990

OPENING STATEMENT

Kastenmeier, Hon. Robert W., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Wisconsin, and chairman, Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property,

and the Administration of Justice

WITNESSES

Dante, Joe, director, on behalf of the Directors Guild of America, accompa-

nied by Elliot Silverstein, chairman, President's Commission, Directors

Guild of America ........

FitzSimons, Charles B., executive director, Producers Guild of America, Inc ....

Fogelman, Louis, president and chief executive officer, Show Industries, Los

Angeles, CA, and board member, Video Software Dealers Association, ac-
companied by Burton V. Wides, Esq.,

Arent, Fox, Kintner, Plotkin & Kahn,
Washington, DC, and counsel, Video Software Dealers Association .......

Fraker, William A., cinematographer, on behalf of the American Society of

Cinematographers and the American Society of Film Editors, accompanied

by David W. Fleming, counsel, American Society of Cinematographers, and

Jack Cooperman, vice president, American Society of Cinematographers .......

Mayer, Roger L., president and chief operating officer, Turner Entertainment

Co., Culver City, CA...........
Nolan, Peter F., vice president-counsel, the Walt Disney Co., on behalf of the

Motion Picture Association of America, Inc .....
Robinson, Phil Alden, screenwriter, on behalf of the Writers Guild of America
Sherman, Charles E., senior vice president for television, National Association

of Broadcasters, on behalf of the NAB and the Association of Independent

Television Stations (INTV)....

Stanley, Frank W., president emeritus, International Photographers Guild,

accompanied by Bruce C. Goering, business representative, International

Photographers Guild.........

LETTERS, STATEMENTS, ETC., SUBMITTED FOR THE HEARING

Berman, Hon. Howard L., a Representative in Congress from the State of

California: Opening statement.

Dante, Joe, director, on behalf of the Directors Guild of America:

"Brief on the Autonomy of Motion Picture Adaptations of Literary Fic-

tions,” by George Bluestone .....

MCA Quintex Contracts and related materials..

Prepared statement

FitzSimons, Charles B., executive director, Producers Guild of America, Inc.:

Prepared statement

Fogelman, Louis, president and chief executive officer, Show Industries, Los

Angeles, CA, and board member, Video Software Dealers Association: Pre-

pared statement........

12
196

279

126

66

141

Fraker, William, A., cinematographer, on behalf of the American Society of

Cinematographers and the American Society of Film Editors: Prepared

statement with attachment........
Kastenmeier, Hon. Robert W., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Wisconsin, and chairman, Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property,
and the Administration of Justice: Opening statement.

Mayer,

Roger L., president and chief operating officer, Turner Entertainment

Co., Culver City, CA: Prepared statement with attachments...

Nolan, Peter F., vice president-counsel, the Walt Disney Co., on behalf of the

Motion Picture Association of America, Inc.:

Prepared statement

Prepared statement of J. Nicholas Counter III, president, Alliance of

Motion Picture and Television Producers, before the Senate Judiciary

Subcommittee on Patents, Copyrights and Trademarks, October 24,

1989

Robinson, Phil Alden, screenwriter, on behalf of the Writers Guild of

America: Prepared statement......

Sherman, Charles E., senior vice president for television, National Association

of Broadcasters, on behalf of the NAB and the Association of Independent

Television Stations (INTV]: Prepared statement .....

Stanley, Frank W., president emeritus, International Photographers Guild:

Prepared statement with attachment......

Synar, Hon. Mike, a Representative in Congress from the State of Oklahoma:

Opening statement.

APPENDIX

Register of Copyrights, U.S. Copyright Office: Report, "Technological Alter-

ations to Motion Pictures and Other Audiovisual Works: Implications for

Creators, Copyright Owners, and Consumers" (March 1989) .....

Patent and Trademark Office, U.S. Department of Commerce: Report, “The

Trademark Act of 1946 and Technologies for Alteration of Motion Pictures"

(March 15, 1989).....

134 Cong. Rec. H4614 (daily ed., June 22, 1988) (remarks of Robert W.

Kastenmeier).

H.R. 4897, 100th Cong., 2d Sess. (1988)

H.R. 2400, 100th Cong., 1st Sess. (1987).

Baumgarten, Jon, Esq., Robert Gorman, Esq., and Christopher A. Meyer, Esq.,

Proskauer Rose Goetz & Mendelsohn, Washington, DC, “Preserving the

Genius of the System: A Critical Examination of the Introduction of Moral

Rights Into United States Law" (September 11, 1989)........

Rosenzweig, Barney, executive vice president and chairman, Television Divi-

sion, Weintraub Entertainment Group, Inc., Los Angeles, CA: Letter to

Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (January 31, 1990)...

MORAL RIGHTS AND THE MOTION PICTURE

INDUSTRY

TUESDAY, JANUARY 9, 1990

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON COURTS, INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

AND THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE,
COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY,

Los Angeles, CA. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 9:30 a.m., in the Moot Courtroom, UCLA School of Law, 405 Hilgard Ave., Los Angeles, CA, Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present. Representatives Robert W. Kastenmeier, Howard L. Berman, and Mike Synar.

Also present: Virginia E. Sloan, counsel; Joseph V. Wolfe, minority counsel; and Bari Schwartz, legislative director to Congressman Berman.

OPENING STATEMENT OF CHAIRMAN KASTENMEIER
Mr. KASTENMEIER. The meeting will come to order.
Mr. SYNAR. Mr. Chairman.
Mr. KASTENMEIER. The gentleman from Oklahoma.

Mr. SYNAR. I ask unanimous consent that the subcommittee permit the meeting to be covered in whole or in part by television broadcast, radio broadcast and/or still photography pursuant to rule 5 of the committee rules.

Mr. KASTENMEIER. Without objection, the gentleman's motion will be agreed to.

My colleagues, the gentleman from Oklahoma, Congressman Mike Synar, and the gentleman from southern California, from this very area, Congressman Howard Berman, and I are delighted to be here and to greet our constituents as well as others who are attending this hearing this morning.

Through movie making we have been entertained and educated by the magic of the big screen. We have watched with fascination as films have traveled the road from black and whites to color, from silent to talkies, to new technologies that permit basic changes in the original film to be made that ultimately have the potential to make the original film virtually unrecognizable.

By now some of these technologies-colorization, lexiconning, letterboxing, panning and scanning-are familiar to those of us who have seen movies on airplanes, on television or videocassette. The pace of a movie might need to be speeded up to compensate for

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