Lapas attēli

Imprisonment of females for debt, is entirely abolished, except in cases where a female is charged as trustee for a sum above $10. s. 2.

Ch. 140.-Guardians of lunatics, idiots, persons non compotes mentis, &c. may be licensed by the Supreme Court to sell the whole, or a part of the real estate of their wards, in the same manner as the guardians of minors.

Ch. 145.-Executors and Administrators may perpetuate evidence of having given notice of their appointment, by filing within a year, their affidavit to that effect, together with the original notification, or a copy of the same.

Ch. 150-Alien Passengers. The master, together with one or more of the owners of any ship, bringing from any port out of the commonwealth, any alien passengers, who may become chargeable as paupers, shall, before such passengers leave the ship, give bond with sufficient sureties in the penal sum of $200 for every alien passenger, conditioned to indemnify such town and the commonwealth from all manner of charge for the support of such passenger for the term of three years.

Eighteen manufacturing companies were incorporated, viz. eight cotton and woollen, and one cotton, factories; two paper factories; three iron manufactories; one copper company; one for bleaching and printing cottons, muslins and silks; one for the manufacture of porcelain and earthen ware, and one for the manufacture of wrought nails.

Five insurance companies were incorporated; an Historical Society, and a society of Natural History.

Ch. 65.-The Lyceum Hall is incorporated for the purpose of affording means and facilities for the prosecution of scientific and literary pursuits.

Ch. 67.-The American Institute of Instruction is incorporated for the purpose of promoting and improving the means of education. Resolves. Ch. 61.—An Amendment of the Constitution. The proposed article of amendment to the constitution abolishing the June session of the legislature, was to be submitted to the people on the eleventh of May, 1831. [This amendment has been adopted, and the political year accordingly is hereafter to begin on the first Wednesday of January instead of the last Wednesday of May.]

Ch. 63.—A resolve was passed instructing the senators in Congress to endeavor to procure the passage of a law for the more perfect organization of the militia.

Ch. 22.-The Secretary of the commonwealth is directed to pur

chase the engineer's report of the survey of a route for a railroad from Boston to Lake Ontario.

Ch. 34.-The Governor is authorized to direct the person employed to make a geological survey of the commonwealth, to annex to his report a list of the native mineralogical, botanical, and zoological productions of the commonwealth, as far as may be practicable.

Ch. 76. The Senators and representatives of the State in Congress are requested to endeavor to procure the passage of an act to provide for obtaining from the offices in England, copies of papers relating to the early history of the country.

Certain resolutions relative to the proceedings of the government of the State of Georgia were passed.

1. That the constitution of the United States, and laws made in pursuance of, and treaties made under the authority of, the same, are the supreme law of the land; and the judges of every state are bound thereby, any thing in the constitution and laws of any state to the contrary notwithstanding.

2. That the judicial power of the United States extends to all cases in law and equity, arising under the constitution, the laws of the United States and treaties made under their authority, and that no state can rightfully enjoin upon its officers to disregard or forcibly resist any mandate or process duly served upon it in such cases by authority of the courts of the United States.

3. That it is the duty of the President of the United States to take care that the constitution, the laws of the United States, and the treaties made under their authority, are faithfully executed, any thing in the constitution, laws, or acts of any state to the contrary notwithstanding.

4. The senators and representatives of the state in Congress are requested to use all the means in their power to preserve inviolate the public faith of the country, and to sustain the rightful authority of the government of the United States in all its departments.

Ch. 92.-Debtor and Creditor. Commissioners are to be appointed to consider the expediency of providing for a more equitable distribution of the property of insolvents, for the abolition of imprisonment for debt in all proper cases, and making such further revision of the laws touching debtor and creditor as they may deem requisite. [The report of the commissioners appointed under this resolve is noticed in the last number of the Jurist.]

At the June session, 1831, seventy-three acts were passed.

Ch. 27.-Railroads. The West Stockbridge Railroad Company is incorporated with power to locate and construct a railroad from near the village of West Stockbridge in a westerly or northwesterly direction to the boundary line of the state of New York.

Ch. 56.-The Boston and Providence Railroad Corporation is incorporated with power to construct a railroad from Boston to the line of the State of Massachusetts in Pawtucket or Seekonk.

Ch. 55.-The Boston and Taunton Railroad Corporation is incorporated with power to construct a railroad from Boston by Taunton to the waters of Mount Hope Bay.

Ch. 57.-The Boston and Ontario Railroad Corporation is incorporated with power to construct a railroad from any point in or near Lowell to the northerly or westerly line of the commonwealth.

The said company shall have the right of entering upon and using the railroad to be constructed between Boston and Lowell, paying such tolls as the legislature may prescribe.

s. 12.

Ch. 63.-Oregon Territory. The American Society for the encouraging of the settlement of the Oregon Territory is incorporated with power to hold property to the amount of $12,000.

Ch. 69.-The Massachusetts Horticultural Society is authorized to appropriate any of their real estate, as a rural cemetery for the erection of tombs, &c., and are allowed to hold real estate to the amount of $10,000 in addition to what they were previously authorized to hold. s. 2.

Ch. 72.-The Boston and Worcester Railroad Corporation is incorporated with power to construct a railroad from Boston to the town of Worcester.

Eight manufacturing companies are incorporated, three of which are for the manufacture of cotton and woollen goods; and also four insurance companies.

Thirty-four Resolves were passed at this session.

Ch. 11.-Provision is made for the due enrolment and promulgation of the adopted article of amendment to the constitution.

Ch. 13.-Commissioners are to be appointed to prepare and report to the next legislature a revision of the laws concerning the form of bank bills, and the plates from which they shall be impressed, and any measures that may more effectually guard against forgery.


Acts passed by the General Assembly of Connecticut, at its session in May, 1831. The whole number of acts passed was fifty-two, and two resolutions were also passed.

Ch. 3.-Levy on interest of joint tenant or tenant in common. Where an estate of joint tenants or tenants in common, lies in differ

ent towns or counties, the interest of any one or more in both towns or counties, may be levied upon by an officer who may legally serve a civil process in either.

Ch. 4.-Notice of Petitions or Memorials to the Legislature, when parties in adverse interest, reside out of the state, may be given as any judge of the supreme court, or chief justice of the county court, may direct.

Ch. 6.—Bills in Equity for the recovery of money, may be served by an attachmennt of the person or property, to be proceeded with, as to bail, and in all other respects, as in actions at common law.


Ch. 17.-A Trustee under a will may be discharged by the court of probate, if he is desirous to resign,' or 'shall become incapable,' or neglect the duties of the trust, or waste the estate, and not be able to respond in damages for such waste. Application may made for his removal by any person interested.


Ch. 19.-Devise of after acquired estate may be made in a will. Ch. 20.-Guardians may be appointed in the state to a minor having real estate therein, residing out of the state, and having no guardian legally appointed in another state. A guardian legally appointed in another state may make application in Connecticut for the sale of his ward's lands in that state.

Ch. 27.-Bank and Insurance Stock owned out of the state, in companies within the state, is taxed two thirds of one per cent.

Ch. 40.-Ferries are to be forfeited by the proprietors, if not supplied with boats and attended according to the regulations prescribed by law.

Ch. 48.-The Wesleyan University, in the town of Middletown, is incorporated with the right of holding property to the amount of $200,000; no particular religious tenets are to be required of students as a condition of the admission.

Banks. Four banks were incorporated at this session. Amendments to the Constitution of the State. Two are proposed by the legislature; one for the annual choice of lieutenantgovernor, treasurer, and secretary of state, in the same manner as the governor is elected; the other to limit the right to send two representatives, to towns having at least 2,500 inhabitants.


The legislature of Georgia, at its session in 1830, passed one hundred and sixty-three acts, and sixty-eight resolutions.

Academies. Sixteen academies were incorporated.

Georgia University. The sum of $600 is annually appropriated to the University of Georgia, for the purpose of rebuilding the college edifice, &c.

Appropriations. The following appropriations were made for the year 1831; to the salary of the governor, $3,000; secretary of state, $2,000; treasurer, $2,000; comptroller, $2,000; surveyor-general, $2,000; judges of the superior courts, $2,100 each; printing fund, $20,000; contingent fund, $20,000; members of the legislature each, $4 per day, and $4 for every twenty miles of travel in coming to, and returning from, the seat of government; president of the senate and speaker of the house, $6 per day, and $4 for every 20 miles of travel; road and river fund, $20,000, to be considered as a part of the contingent fund.

Banks. Two banks were incorporated.

Change Bills. An act was passed to prevent the further issuing of 'change bills,' to compel the issuers of such bills to redeem them, and to relieve persons who have issued them from the penalties incurred under former statutes.

Insurance Company. The Macon Insurance Company' is incorporated, with a capital of $150,000.

Canals. An act was passed to revive an act incorporating the 'Brunswick Canal Company,' and the term of seven years from December 20, 1830, is allowed to this company for constructing a canal or railroad, or both, 'from the Altamaha to Turtle river or Brunswick.'

Census. An act was passed, providing for the taking the census of the state. If the census of any county shall not be taken and returned according to the provisions of this act, such county shall be entitled to but one representative in the legislature, until the census of such county shall have been taken and returned, in conformity to the constitution of this state.'

Courts. Thirteen acts relate to the courts of justice, prescribing the times of their sessions, &c.

Churches, &c. The trustees of six churches, and the 'Baptist Convention of the state of Georgia' were incorporated.

Divorces. Fourteen acts of divorce were passed.

Elections. Twenty-three acts were passed relative to elections, establishing election districts, ' prescribing the manner of holding elections,' &c.

Indians. If any persons shall, after February 1st, 1831, 'under color or pretence of authority from the Cherokee tribe of Indians, or as headmen, chiefs or warriors of said tribe, cause or procure by any means the assembling of any council, or other pretended

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