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and a certificate thereof is filed and recorded in the Registry of Deeds for the county wherein such manufactory is established. s. 6.

Members are exempted from personal liability after the recording of such certificate, provided they give notice annually in some newspaper printed in such county, (if there is one, otherwise in some newspaper printed in an adjoining county) of the amount of all assessments voted and actually paid in, and the amount of all existing debts- and do not divide any more than the net earnings and profits of the company. s. 7.

No note of a stockholder is to be considered as payment of an instalment. The debts of the corporation are not to exceed the amount of the capital stock; if they exceed that amount, the officers, under whose direction such debts are incurred, are to be personally responsible for such excess. s. 8.

Administrators, guardians, or trustees, holding stock as such, and persons holding stock as collateral security, are not to be personally responsible. s. 12.

Ch. 56.-Perjury. Wilful false swearing by a person, of whom an oath is required by the charter of a bank or manufactory, or other act of incorporation, in relation to any matter respecting which, such oath is required is to be deemed perjury, and punished accordingly.

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Ch. 57.-Coroners, are hereafter to take inquests upon the dead bodies of those persons only who are supposed to have come to their death by violence.

Ch. 59.-Woburn Agricultural and Mechanic Association, is incorporated for the purpose of encouraging agriculture and the mechanic arts, by granting loans of money, and relieving the distresses of unfortunate mechanics and their families.

Ch. 68.-Survey of Lumber. The government of the city of Boston, are authorized to make ordinances in relation to the surveying of all lumber brought to the city by water.

Ch. 81.-County Attorneys are to receive stated salaries for their services, in lieu of compensation by fees.

Ch. 92.-Stage Companies. The Northern Stage Company, is incorporated for the purpose of conveying passengers from Boston to New Hampshire, with a right to hold property to the amount of $70,000.

Ch. 93.-Railroads. The Franklin Railroad Company, is incorporated with power to construct a railroad from the city of Boston, in a westerly or north westerly direction, to the boundary line of Vermont or New Hampshire.

The toll is not to exceed three cents per mile for every ton of merchandize, nor two cents per mile for every passenger.

s. 10. Ch. 94.-Railroads. The Massachusetts Railroad Corporation is incorporated with power to construct a railroad from the city of Boston to the westerly line of the state of Massachusetts at such point as shall be found most expedient; with a view to its final termination near Albany or Troy in the state of New York.

The rates of toll are to be regulated by the corporation, as also the construction of the wheels, the forms of cars and carriages, and the weight of loads, which shall pass on said road. The state have the right after ten years to take said railroad, on the payment of the whole amount of original cost, and other expenses, together with ten per cent. interest on the same. s. 5.

Ch. 110.-Sale of Land by Guardians. The Judge of Probate may license executors, administrators and guardians to sell, for the payment of debts, legacies, or taxes, or for the support or legal expenses of wards, the whole of any real estate where, by a partial sale, the residue would be greatly injured.

Ch. 115.-Militia. All persons over thirty and under fortyfive years of age, are exempted from all military duty, except keeping themselves furnished with arms, &c. conformably to the laws of the United States.

Persons over 18 and under 30 years of age doing active military duty are exempted from paying a poll tax. s. 2.

Ch. 121.-Equity. The Supreme Court on complaint of a creditor who has attached real estate of his debtor, may issue an injunction to prevent such debtor from carrying off wood, or any fixtures from such estate.

Ch. 124.—Mortgages of Personal Property. Where personal property is mortgaged, pledged, or subject to any lien created by law, the mortgagee, pledgee, or holder of such property, may be summoned by a trustee process, and on its appearing that the mortgagor, pledgor, or general owner has any subsisting right to redeem the same, on the payment of such debt, the court may decree a delivery of the property to the plaintiff on the payment by him of such debt.

Such property may be attached, unless it has become the absolute property of such mortgagee, pledgee, or holder, on the payment of the amount of the debt to secure which the property is holden.

s. 2.

The mortgagee, pledgee, or holder is required, on demand of any person wishing to attach such property, to render within twentyfour hours after such demand a full account of the debt secured by such mortgage, pledge, or lien. s. 3.

Ch. 125.-Commissioners in other states to take depositions, may be appointed by the Governor and Council.

Ch. 128.-Costs may be allowed by the Supreme Court at their discretion to the respondent, in cases of applications for writs of certiorari.

Trustees are allowed to retain out of the effects of the principal debtor, adjudged to be in their hands, sufficient to pay their reasonable counsel fees and other necessary expenses. s. 2.

When judgment has been rendered in favor of the defendant for costs on non-suit of the plaintiff, and the plaintiff or his representative shall commence another action for the same cause before the costs of the former suits are paid, the court may order all proceedings in the second suit to be stayed until such costs are paid. s. 3.

Seven Insurance Companies were incorporated, four of which were Mutual Fire Insurance Companies.

Five Manufacturing Companies were incorporated-viz. two for the purpose of manufacturing cotton and woollen goods, one for the manufacture of cotton, woollen, and linen, and another for cotton only; and one for the Manufacture of flint glass.

At the June session, 1830, and January 1831, one hundred and fifty acts were passed.

Ch. 4.-Railroad.

The Boston and Lowell Railroad Corporation, is incorporated with power to construct a railroad from Boston to Lowell.

A toll is granted, the rates of which are to be fixed by the Corporation. s. 5.

No other railroad from Boston, Charlestown, or Cambridge to Lowell, or to any other place within five miles from the northern termination of said railroad, is to be authorized within thirty years. The State have a right after ten years, to purchase said railroad on paying therefor the amount expended in making said road, and the expenses of repairs, and all other expenses relating thereto, with interest on the same, at the rate of ten per cent.

Ch. 5.-The Woodbridge School, in South Hadley, is incorporated.

Ch. 17.-Franklin Railroad Company. This act takes away the power given in the former act to the legislature, to alter and reduce the rate of tolls.

No other railroad within thirty years is to be authorized, leading from Boston, to any place within five miles of the western termination of the said road on the boundary line of the state, or within five miles from said road, within the counties of Worcester 54


or Franklin, except for the accommodation of a different line of travel. s. 2.

Ch. 44.-Mount Pleasant Classical Institution, is incorporated with power to hold property to the amount of $80,000.

Ch. 45.-Courts of Probate are authorized to license executors, administrators, and guardians, to sell the real estate of their testators, intestates, or wards, in all cases where the supreme court are now authorized to grant license.

Ch. 47.-Inspection. On the exportation of an article subject to to inspection, a certificate from an inspector of such article, that it has been duly inspected, is no longer to be required in order to obtain a clearance of the vessel.

Ch. 49.-Accessories in Felony, may be tried and convicted whether the principal felon shall or shall not have been previously convicted.

Ch. 54.-Femes Covert, whose husbands are under guardianship, may make partition by deed of lands held in their own right, by joining in a deed with the guardians of their husbands, and the other tenants in common.

Ch. 57.-Sepulchres and Anatomy. Any person convicted of digging up and removing any human body, shall be punished by solitary imprisonment not exceeding ten days, and by confinement afterwards to hard labor not exceeding one year, or by a fine not exceeding two thousand dollars, and imprisonment in the common jail not exceeding two years.

The dead bodies of persons dying in the poor houses, and in the houses of correction within the state, which may be required to be buried at the public expense, (unless such bodies are claimed by some friend or kin within thirty-six hours after their death, or unless such body is the remains of some unknown traveller or stranger who has died suddenly), may be surrendered by the superintendents of such houses to any regular physician, on his giving bonds with sufficient sureties, that such bodies shall be used only for the promotion of anatomical science and that the remains thereof shall afterwards be decently interred. s. 3.

Ch. 61-Sales by auction of contracts for leases of real estate, are to be subject to a duty of fifty cents on every hundred dollars of the gross sum for which such contracts may be sold.

Contracts for the sale of personal property are subject to a duty of one per cent. s. 3.

Ch. 72.-Arson is to be punished with imprisonment for life only, where at the time of the commission of the offence, there was no person lawfully within the dwelling house burnt.

Burglary is to be punished by solitary confinement, not exceeding 30 days, and afterwards by confinement to hard labor not exceeding 20 years. s. 2.

Larceny may be punished by confinement in the county jail not exceeding five years, or by a fine, according to the nature and aggravation of the offence. s. 3.

Ch. 81.-Charters of Corporations hereafter established, may be amended, altered, or repealed at the pleasure of the legislature, unless there shall be inserted in the act of incorporation, an express limitation as to the duration of the same.

Ch. 84.-Mackerel are not to be packed in casks or kegs containing less than fifty pounds, and such kegs are to be inspected and branded in same manner as barrels and half barrels now are.

Ch. 85.-Tender of a demand payable in money, may be made after such demand has become payable, at any time before an action is brought. After an action is brought, a tender of the amount of the demand, with the legal costs, may be made before the action is entered.

Ch. 99.-Sole Leather is to be inspected in this commonwealth, and none is to be sold in this state, whether manufactured here or imported, unless it has been inspected in this state, or in some one of the United States.

Ch. 110.-Sheriffs are to retain out of the moneys received from their deputies, a specified sum to their own use, (if they shall receive so much) and are to account for the surplus to the county treasurer.

Ch. 113. The Court of Common Pleas has jurisdiction of all crimes, other than those punishable with death.

Ch. 124.-Sheriffs. Any Sheriff having in his hands an execution against a person who has an execution against the judgment creditor, shall, on the request of the judgment debtor, accept such second execution, whether directed to him or not, in part satisfaction of the first.

Ch. 128.-Tender of a debt after it has become due, shall be no bar to an action subsequently brought for the same, if after such tender and before the commencement of the action, the debtor has refused, on demand, to pay over the amount previously tendered nor unless, upon the entry of the action, the debtor shall pay the money into court.

Ch. 129.-Clerks of Courts are to hold their office for the term of five years, subject to removal by the Supreme Court within that time. They are to receive a fixed salary in lieu of compensation by fees. s. 2.

Ch. 131.-Imprisonment for debt, for an amount less than ten dollars, is abolished.

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