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Ch. 181:--School Fund. By this act a school fund is established; all moneys due to the state from the holders of unpatented lands, or from purchasers of lands, all fees received in the Land Office, &c. are appropriated to this fund; the money derived from these sources is to be held by the state, at an interest of five per cent., for the purpose of internal improvements; the interest is to be added to the principal, until the interest shall amount to 100,000 dollars annually, when it is to be applied to the support of common schools.
Ch. 112. The sum of one mill upon the dollar of the adjusted valuation of all real and personal property, persons, trades and occupations, now made taxable by the laws of this commonwealth, for the purpose of raising county rates and levies,' is to be added to the county rates and levies. The amount received from this tax is also appropriated to the school fund. This act is to continue in force for five years.
Ch. 227.--Account render. In all actions of account render,' the jury are authorized to settle the accounts of the parties, and to find, in favor of the plaintiff or of one or more of the defendants, such sum as shall appear to be due ;' and the court or any judge thereof, may make such orders upon any of the parties to the suit, in relation to books and papers, as may
necessary to effect an equitable adjustment of the controversy.
Internal Improvements. A very large portion of the acts passed at this session are devoted to the internal improvement of the state.
Ch. 104. The governor is authorized to borrow on the credit of the state $2,483,161, for the purpose of carrying on the several internal improvements undertaken by the state. Ch. 3 & 4. The sum of $202,500, appropriated by a former act to the repayment of loans received from certain banks, and the sum of 53,433 dollars, being the residue of 4,000,000 dollars borrowed from the Bank of Pennsylvania, are also to be applied to the same purposes.
Ch. 104. By this act, the following appropriations are made : 600,000 dollars, for the construction of the railroad from Columbia to Philadelphia ; 116,170 dollars, for the completion of the projected canal from Columbia to Middletown; 700,000 dollars, for the construction of the railroad over the Alleghany mountains, from Hollidaysburg to Johnstown, and for the extension of the Pennsylvania canal from Huntington to Hollidaysburg ; 125,000 dollars, for the purpose of relieving several turnpike-road companies ;' 200,000 dollars, to the West Branch Division of the Pennsylvania Canal; $100,000 to the North Branch Division; $60,000 to a canal or slack water navigation from the Alleghany
VOL. VI.NO. XII.
river to the French creek feeder ; 100,000 dollars, to a canal or slack water navigation, from the Ohio river at the mouth of Big Beaver Creek to Newcastle.
An act was passed, allowing the Chesapeake and Ohio canal company, an additional term of one year, for commencing the western section of the canal. A resolution also was adopted, requesting the Senators and Representatives of the state, in Congress, to endeavor to procure a subscription of 1,000,000 dollars, by the general government, to the stock of this company, to be expended on this section.
Twelve acts were passed for the incorporation of different railroad companies.
Thirty-nine acts relate to the construction, repair, &c. of roads; among these there are eleven for the incorporation of turnpikeroad companies. An act was passed, providing that, upon the consent of the general government being obtained, commissioners shall be appointed to erect toll-houses and gates on that part of the Cumberland road lying within the state, for the collection of toll; the toll received is to be applied to the preservation of the road. The act is not to go into effect until “the road be put into a good state of repair and an appropriation made by Congress for erecting toll-houses, &c. thereon, to be expended under the authority of the commissioners.'
Six acts were passed, authorizing the incorporation of different companies for the erection of bridges.
Revolutionary Soldiers. Sixteen acts were passed for the relief of revolutionary soldiers, granting them in some cases a gratuity of 40 dollars, in others, a pension of 40 dollars.
Boroughs. Twenty acts were passed, erecting towns into boroughs.
Executors, foc. Sixteen acts were passed to authorize certain executors, guardians, &c. to convey real estate.
Ch. 202.-- Washington College. The sum of 500 dollars is appropriated to this college annually, for five years; provided that the trustees shall 'cause to be instructed twenty students, annually, free of expense of tuition for the term of five years; such students to be selected by the trustees, and taught in the elementary branches of an English education, in such manner as the trustees shall deem best calculated to qualify them for teachers of English schools.'
Banks. Five acts were passed, for the establishment of new banks or the extension of the charters of old banks.
Legitimation. Four acts were passed for the legitimation of Among the acts of incorporation we notice the following - an act incorporating a company in the county of Philadelphia, for the purpose of constructing a cemetery; an act for the incorporation of The Pennsylvania Horticultural Society, with the right to hold real estate not exceeding 20,000 dollars in value; an act incorporating a salt manufacturing company; an act for the incorporation of a fire company and a fire engine company; and an act to incorporate the 'American Insurance Company' of Philadel. phia.
Resolutions were adopted, by which it was declared to be the sense of the legislature, that the Constitution of the United States
authorizes acts of Congress to protect manufactures'; 'that any diminution of the protection now afforded to iron, would be impolitic and injudicious legislation’; 'that the constitution of the United States authorizes, and experience sanctions, the 25th section' of the Judiciary act; that the charter of the Bank of the United States should be renewed ; that as soon as the national debt shall be paid, the most equitable and just mode of disposing of the surplus funds, which may remain in the treasury of the United States, after defraying the ordinary expenses of the government, and the payment of appropriations which may be made to objects of great national importance, will be by a distribution amongst the several states, in proportion to their representation in the Congress of the United States; and that the executive veto was properly exercised on the bill, making an appropriation to the Maysville and Lexington road.'
At the session of the General Assembly of Mississippi, begun at Jackson, on January 4th, 1830, one hundred and seven acts were passed, and fifteen resolutions were adopted. The statute book for this session also contains several memorials of the legislature.
Ch. 1.-Indians. S. 1. All the rights, &c. and privileges claimed or enjoyed by the Indians residing within the limits of the state,
by virtue of any form of policy or usage, not particularly recognised and established' by the laws of the state, are taken away and abolished. S. 2. All the rights, &c. enjoyed by free white inhabitants of the state, are conferred upon the Indians. S. 3. All the laws of the state now in force, are extended over the persons and property of the Indians. S. 4. All marriages entered into by virtue of their usages and by them deemed valid, are declared to be obligatory. S.5. Any person exercising the office of chief, mingo, headman, or other post of power, established by their tribal' statutes or customs, and not particularly recognised by the laws' of the state, on conviction, is subjected to a fine not exceeding $ 1,000, and to imprisonment for not more than one year, at the discretion of the court.
Ch. 32. Constables and justices of the peace are to be appointed for such portions of the several counties as are occupied by Indians. Any persons, other than Indians, making any settlement on lands within the bounds of the Indian territory, are subjected to a fine of not less than $100, nor more than $1,000, and to imprisonment for not less than one month, nor more than three.
Ch. 19.—Justices of the Peace. Justices of the peace are required to give bonds, with sufficient securities, conditioned that they will pay over all moneys collected by virtue of their office to the persons entitled to receive the same; the bond may be put in suit by any person aggrieved ; and he may proceed in a summary way by motion, upon giving ten days previous notice.
Ch. 86.—Militia. This is an act to revise the militia system. It divides the militia into brigades, regiments, &c., regulates the election of the officers, prescribes their duties, establishes courts martial, &c. The militia of the state are required to dezvous' by battalions twice a year, and each regiment once a year. If any non-commissioned officer or private neglects to attend any parade, &c., he is liable to a fine of $3 and, in addition thereto, of a sum equal to one fifth of his state tax.
Ch. 94.–Attorneys and Counsellors. Any attorney or counsellor at law ‘resident in a conterminous state' may practise law in this state, under the same restrictions, &c. that lawyers resident in this state are permitted to practise in such conterminous state;' and it shall not be required of him to take an oath to support the constitution of Mississippi.
Ch. 106.-Senators of the United States. The senators are to be elected at the regular session of the Legislature, next preceding the expiration of their terms, or at any other session at which a vacancy or executive appointment shall be reported by the governor. They are to be chosen by a joint vote of the senate and house of representatives.
Ch. 14.—Public Printer. The public printer is required to print the ‘ Laws and Journals' within thirty days after the rising of the General Assembly; the secretary of state is to furnish him with copies of the laws, immediately on their receiving the signature of the governor.
Ch. 85—Prison Bounds. The 'prison bounds of each county' are extended to the limits of the town or corporation in which the prison is situated; in no case are they to“ be confined to a less extent than twenty acres of land.'
Ch. 47—Court of Chancery. John A. Quitman, Chancellor of the state, is authorized to adopt a system of rules of practice in the Court of Chancery and publish 300 copies thereof, and also to report and publish 300 copies of the decisions of the Court.'
Ch. 31-Literary Fund. Assessors and collectors, 'at the time of collecting the taxes annually for the state, are also to collect in the same manner and from every taxable inhabitant, a sum equal to one tenth part of the amount of the state tax which may be assessed on each taxable inhabitant, and also one tenth part the amount of the state tax assessed on the property of non-residents; which sum so collected shall be paid into the state treasury and appropriated to the encouragement of learning.'
Ch. 81–Census. This act requires the assessors of each county to make an exact enumeration of the free white inhabitants of their respective counties in the year 1830; the assessors are to be allowed 2 cents for each person enumerated.
Guardians, Executors, &c. Ten acts were passed authorizing certain guardians, executors and administrators to sell the real or personal property of their wards, testators and intestates ; several acts were also passed giving power to particular guardians, executors, &c. to remove their wards, or the personal property of their wards or testators, into other states, upon certain conditions.
Minors. Two acts were passed authorizing certain minors 'to do all civil acts, which may be done by individuals, who have attained the age fixed by law for the accomplishment of their majority.'
Slaves. Two acts were passed for the emancipation of certain slaves,' saving the rights of creditors.'
Ch. 74-Bank. A bank is to be established at Natchez, by the name of the ‘Planter's Bank of the State of Mississippi ;' the capital is to be $3,000,000, of which 2000 shares, amounting to $2,000,000, are reserved, to be subscribed for on the part of the state ; the state and the other stockholders are to be liable to persons suffering any loss from a deficiency of the funds of the bank, in proportion to the amount of stock held by them; branches of the bank are to be established in different parts of the state : the capital stock is exempted from taxation.
We also notice an act changing the names of certain persons and legitimating them; seven acts incorporating churches, &c.;