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manuscript without the consent of the author or legal proprietor first obtained, as aforesaid (if such author or proprietor be a citizen of the United States or resident therein,) shall be liable to suffer and pay to the author or proprietor, all damages occasioned by such injury, to be recovered in a special action on the case. And courts of the United States empowered to grant injunctions to prevent the violation of the rights of authors and inventors, are empowered to grant injunctions in like manner to restrain the publication of any manuscript as aforesaid. s. 9.

Any person sued for any matter, act, or thing done under or by virtue of this act, may plead the general issue, and give the special matter in evidence.

Any person publishing a book, map, &c. not having legally acquired a copyright thereof, shall insert or impress that the same hath been entered according to act of congress, or words importing the same, shall forfeit $ 100.

Full costs shall be allowed in case of damages, penalties, or forfeitures being recovered under this act.

Limitation. Actions for forfeitures or penalties under this act must be prosecuted within two years after the cause accrues.

s. 10.

s. 11.

s. 12.

s. 13.

All the provisions of this act intended for the security of copyrights, and providing remedies, penalties and forfeitures in cases of violation thereof, shall extend to the benefit of the legal proprietor of any copyright heretofore obtained. S. 15.

Whenever a copyright has heretofore been obtained by an author, inventor, designer, &c. of any book, map, &c. or by a proprietor of the same ; if such author or any of such authors, &c. be living at the passage of this act, he shall continue to have the same exclusive right to his book, chart, &c. for such additional period of time, as will, together with the time which may have elapsed from the time of the first entry of such copyright, make up the term of twenty-eight years; with the same right to his widow, child or children, to renew the copyright as is above provided, in relation to copyrights secured under tħis act. And if the author be not living at the time of the passage of this act, then his heirs, executors and administrators shall be entitled to the like exclusive enjoyment of said copyright, for the period of twenty-eight years from the first entry of the copyright, with the like privilege of renewal to the widow, child or children, as is provided in respect to copyrights secured under this act.

s. 16.

Ch. 2.- Passports and Clearances. So much of the act of

June 1, 1796 as imposes a charge of $10 for passports, and 84 for a clearance, to any vessel bound" to a foreign country, is repealed.

Ch. 24.-Debenture. All imported goods on which the duties have been paid or secured,' may be transported by land or partly by land and partly by water, from the district into which they were imported to two other districts, and exported from either of them, with the benefit of drawback,' – the regulations and formalities now in force to be complied with. The secretary of the treasury is authorized to prescribe the form of the certificate and oath on the transportation from the second district.

Ch. 36.—Danish Claims. Commissioners are appointed for the distribution among claimants of the amount to be paid by Denmark for spoliations on American commerce.

The claims are to be decided upon within two years.

Ch. 38.-Fortifications, foc. $5,000 are appropriated to preserve George's Island, in Boston harbor — $100,000 for fort Adams, Rhode Island - $10,000 for fort Hamilton, New York $ 25,000 for repairs of fort Columbus and Castle William, New York - $ 80,000 for fort Monroe, Virginia - $80,000 for fort Calhoun, Virginia - $ 75,000 for fort Macon - $ 95,000 for the fort on Oak Island, North Carolina $45,000 for the fortifications of Charleston, South Carolina - $100,000 for fortifications of Pensacola - $90,000 for a fort at Mobile Point - $3,004 for repairs of the battery at Bienvenu, Louisiana - $3,600 for fort Wood, Louisiana -- $10,000 for contingencies in fortifications.

Ch. 42.—Land is to be purchased to complete the fortifications at fort Washington, on the Potomac.

Ch. 56.--Harbors and Rivers. To remove obstructions at the mouth of Huron river, Ohio, $3,480 is appropriated ; at the mouth of Black river, Ohio, $ 9,275; Cleaveland harbor, Ohio, $3,670; Grand river, Ohio, $ 5,680; mouth of Ashtabula creek, Ohio, $7,015; Conneaut creek, Ohio, $6,370; harbor of Presque Isle, Penn. $1,700 ; Genesee river, New York, $16,670; Big Sodus bay, New York, $17,450; Oswego, N. York, for completing piers, constructing a mole and pier-head, $ 22,015; Buffalo harbor, N. York, for completing pier, $ 12,900; Dunkirk harbor N. York, $6,400; Provincetown harbor, Mass. to protect the beach, $2,050 ; Newburyport, Mass. to complete the breakwater at the mouth of Merrimack river, $ 16,000; Kennebunk, Maine, to repair pier at the mouth of the river, $1,175; Boston harbor, for completing the sea-wall at Deer Island, $ 12,390; Plymouth Beach, Mass. $2,820; Hyannis harbor, Mass. for completing

breakwater, $8,400 ; Nantucket, Mass. for removing the bar at the mouth of the harbor, $8,265 ; harbors of New Castle, Marcus Hook, Chester, and Port Penn, in Delaware river, $4,000; Cape Fear River, below Wilmington, N. Carolina, $25,705; Ocracock inlet, N. Carolina, $17,000; river and harbor of St. Marks, Florida, $7,430; Appalachicola river, Florida, $ 8,000; Raft of Red river, Louisiana, for survey of, $ 187; Black Rock harbor, N. York, for arrearages, $1,800 ; Dunkirk harbor, N. York, for arrearages 700 dollars; Delaware breakwater, 208,000 dollars.

Ch. 58. For improving the navigation of the Ohio and Mississippi, $ 200,000 is appropriated.

Ch. 57.--Slave Trade. 10,000 dollars is appropriated for carrying into effect the act for suppressing the slave trade.

Ch. 58.-- Internal Improvement. For the road from Detroit towards Chicago, 10,000 dollars is appropriated; that from Detroit to Fort Gratiot, 8,000 dollars ; that from Detroit to Saganaw bay, 8,000 dollars; and that from Washington to Arkansas territory, to Jackson in the same territory, 15,000 dollars.

Ch. 60. To complete the Marshill road in Maine, 5,000 dollars is appropriated.

Ch. 62. 100,000 dollars is appropriated for continuing Cumberland road in Ohio, 75,000 dollars in Indiana, and 66,000 dollars in Illinois.

Ch. 96. Congress consents that Ohio shall assume that part of the Cumberland road within the state and finished, the tolls to be applied to repairing the road.

Ch. 60.-Army, Armories, fc. For the pay and support of the officers and soldiers, transportation, &c. 2,357,068 dollars is appropriated; barracks at fort Winnebago, $5,000; services of the militia in Arkansas in 1828, 580 dollars; services of the militia in Missouri in 1829, $9,085; contingencies of the army, 10,000 dollars; national armories 360,000 dollars; embankments to convey water to Harper's Ferry armory, Virginia, 7,500 dollars; armament of fortifications, 100,000 dollars; ordinance, 68,000 dollars; arsenals, 94,400 dollars; recruiting service, 51,648 dollars.

Ch. 60.-Medals to Indian Chiefs. 3,000 dollars is appropriated for this

purpose. Ch. 60.-- West Point Academy. The sum of 23,300 dollars in the whole, is appropriated for this institution.

Ch. 61.Insolvent Debtors to the United States, for sums due on or before the first of January last, and not indebted otherwise than as principal in a bond, or for money received and not accounted for, or a fine, penalty, or forfeiture incurred by a violation of law, may

make application in writing, under oath or affirmation, to the secretary' for a discharge, stating the time when he became insolvent, how soon thereafter he made known his insolvency to his creditors, the cause and amount of such insolvency, and also all his estate, real and personal, at the time of his insolvency, and the manner in which he has disposed of it, and what estate he has since acquired. The secretary is to transmit the statement to the district attorney in the district where the debtor resides, who is to lay it before the commissioners of insolvency to be appointed under this act.

The commissioners, not exceeding three, are to be appointed in each district, who are to receive $5 per day, to be paid by the applicants under this act. Having examined the case of each applicant, they are to report to the secretary, who is authorized to release the debtor, upon such terms as he may


proper under the circumstances of the case.

Ch. 63.- Indian Department. The amount of $171,683 is appropriated for this department, besides $5,000 to defray the expense of emigrations of Indians from Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri ; $5,562 for other emigrations; and $110,254 to extinguish Cherokee titles, defray the expense of their removal, and carry into execution treaties with them, &c. Ch. 103. $10,000 to carry into effect the treaty with the Seneca tribe.

Ch. 64.Gales and Seaton's Congressional Documents. 750 copies are subscribed for by Congress.

Ch. 65.—Live Oak. An act is passed specially punishing trespassers for destroying live oak, red cedar, or other timber, on the tracts of land belonging to the United States, and reserved for the supply of ship timber.

Ch. 94.-Railroad. The Baltimore Railroad Company are authorized to extend a branch of their road into the District of Columbia.

Ch. 96.— Imports at places on the Ohio and Mississippi, &c. The duties on imports into Pittsburg, Wheeling, Cincinnati, Louisville, St. Louis, Nashville, and Natchez, may be paid or secured at those places.

Ch. 97.-Tonnage and Impost Duties on the Frontier. The tonnage duty on British colonial boats, rafts, &c., entering our territory on the northern, north-eastern, and north-western frontier, are not to be higher than those demanded on our boats, rafts, &c., entering the British colonial territories, and no greater discriminating duties are to be paid on merchandise on our side, than are exacted on that of the British.

Ch. 98.—Contempt of Court. The power of the courts of the United States to issue attachments and inflict summary punishments for contempt of court shall not extend to any cases, except the misbehavior of any person in the presence of the court, or so near thereto as to obstruct the administration of justice, the misbehavior of any officer of the court in his official transactions, and the disobedience or resistance of any such officer, or a party, juror, witness, or any other person, to any lawful writ, process, order, rule, decree, or command, of the court.

Persons endeavoring to influence, intimidate, or impede, a juror, witness, or officer of any court of the United States, in the discharge of his duty, or to obstruct the administration of justice therein, is liable to indictment therefor, and punishment by fine, not exceeding 500 dollars, or imprisonment not exceeding three months, or both, according to the nature and aggravation of the offence.

Ch. 114.--Incorporated ourners of Whaling Vessels, may be entitled to a register or enrolment and license, for her, as long as she is employed in the whale fishery.

There were also passed 4 acts respecting the jurisdiction and times of holding particular courts; 11 concerning public lands; 7 in relation to the Indians and Indian treaties; 61 for the relief of sundry individuals; 3 making sundry other appropriations; 1 relating to the census; 1 making a grant of land for the route of a canal in Florida; 1 granting land to encourage the cultivation of vines and olive trees; 3 respecting the District of Columbia, one of them relating to crimes and punishments; 1 granting land for the public buildings in Arkansas territory; 1 granting land for the route of a road in Indiana; 1 for defraying the expenses of the public buildings at Washington; 1 chartering a fire company; and 1, viz. ch. 102, making appropriations for erecting a great number of light houses, spindles, beacons, and placing buoys, at various points, along the coast and on the lakes.


The legislature of Pennsylvania, at the session of 1830 - 31, passed two hundred and thirty-five acts and sixteen resolutions ; they are published in a volume containing 500 closely printed pages.

Ch. 85.-Religious Societies. The acts of 1798 and 1816 authorizing religious societies in Philadelphia to extend chains across the streets, during the time of divine service, are repealed

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