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and which, in 1840, when the first great instalment of the state debt will become due, will, as the committee estimate, amount to 913,000 dollars, though a reduction from the previous rate of taxation should be made, and such a reduction is accordingly made in the act laying the tax, which is above noticed.

Justices of the Peace are appointed by a resolve of the General Assembly, a great number of names of persons in different parts of the state being inserted in the same act.


3 50 per

Acts passed at the sessions in October and November, 1830, and January and February, 1831. These acts are not numbered by chapters or otherwise.

Salaries. Of the governor, 2000 dollars ; chief justice of the supreme court, 1200 dollars; associate justices of the same court, 1100 dollars each ; treasurer, 1100 dollars; reporter, 200 dollars ; attorney-general, 80 dollars; president of the council and speaker of the house of assembly, 3 50 each per diem ; members of the council and assembly, 3 dollars each ; clerks of the two branches,

diem each. Mutual Relief Society. An act of incorporation is granted to a number of citizens of Cumberland county, who have 'formed themselves into a society for the purpose of raising a fund sufficient for the relief of each other in case of disease, age, or accident. Another act of the same description is passed.

Railroad Company. The Paterson and Hudson River Railroad Company is incorporated; twenty per cent. of the shares to be paid at the time of subscribing for the stock. The route is from Paterson to Weehawkim, and thence to Hudson River opposite to New York. The rates of toll are not to exceed six cents per mile, per ton, for goods, and the same for passengers, in carriages of the company, and half that rate in other carriages, and any person is to have the right of using his own carriage on the road, subject to the regulations of the company. After the expiration of fifty years the state is to have a right to take the road at an appraised value.

A charter is also granted to a company to construct a railroad connecting the Morris Canal with the Paterson and Hudson River Railroad.

The Camden and Amboy Railroad Company is authorized to transfer to the state 1000 dollars of its stock, and permit the state to appoint one director, and pay the state ten cents for each passenger transported on the railroad from the Delaware to Raritan Bay, as a substitute for the rateable tax on passengers reserved in the charter of incorporation.

The Elizabeth Town and Somerville Railroad Company is incorporated, with a stock of 200,000 dollars, with liberty to increase it to 400,000 dollars. The route is from Somerville to Elizabeth Town. The tolls are limited to the same rate as those on the Paterson and Hudson River Railroad. “As soon as the net proceeds of the road shall amount to seven per cent. upon its cost, the company is to pay the state one half of one per cent. annually, upon the cost of the road.' The state reserves the right to subscribe for 25,000 dollars of the stock.

The West Jersey Railroad and Transportation Company is incorporated. The capital is to be 500,000 dollars, with the liberty of increasing it to 2,000,000; five per cent is to be paid on subscribing. This route is from the Delaware River, in the county of Gloucester, or from some point in the Camden and Amboy Railroad, to some point on said river in the township of Penns Neck, in the county of Salem. The rates of toll are limited to eight cents per mile for the transportation of goods, and ten cents per mile for passengers. The state reserves the right to assume the road at the expiration of forty years, at an appraised value. The state is to receive a tax of five cents for each passenger, and eight cents a ton on merchandise, transported on the railroad..

Religious Institution of the State's Prisoners. The keeper of the state prison is directed to admit religious and well inclined persons, of any denomination of Christians, who may feel it a duty, on the Sabbath day to perform divine service, and give such other instruction to the prisoners, as shall tend to their benefit.'

Legalizing Acknowledgments. A commissioner for acknowledging deeds, having taken acknowledgments without first being

qualified into office,' an act was passed declaring the acknowledgments so taken to be valid.

Map of the State. The sum of 1000 dollars is voted for one hundred copies of Gordon's Map of the state, as an encouragement to the publisher.

Appointment of Clerk. It is provided that the clerk of the court of chancery shall be appointed by the legislature at a joint meeting, and shall hold his office for five years.

Tax on a Mill PowerCorporation. The legislature reserves the right to tax the company chartered to create a water power at Trenton, not exceeding one half of one per cent. on its capital stock.


Sale of Mortgaged Estates. In case of money loaned on mortgage becoming due, the mortgaged premises may be sold on execution to satisfy the mortgage, unless the mortgager show cause to the contrary on scire facias by the mortgagee.

Schools. The sum of 20,000 dollars is appropriated annually for the support of schools, to be divided among the several counties in the proportion of the state tax paid by the counties respectively; and among the several schools of each town in the proportion of the number of scholars in each.

Revenue. The amount of revenue raised for the year 1831, is 40,000 dollars, assessed on the following subjects, viz. 10 dollars on each stud horse ; other horses and mules three years old, cording to the discretion of the assessors, not over 6 cents each; lands not exceeding 100 dollars on a hundred acres, houses and house lots not to be included, but assessed upon a valuation ; merchants, shopkeepers, and traders, not exceeding 10 dollars each; fisheries, not over 10 dollars ; each run of stones in grist-mills, not over 6 dollars; cotton factories not over 30 dollars; sail duck factories not over 10 dollars; woollen factories not over 10 dollars ; carding machines, propelled by water or steam, and not connected with factories, not over 3 dollars; cupola furnaces, not over 10 dollars; other furnaces, not over 8 dollars; forges not over 6 dollars ; rolling and slitting mills, not over 10; paper mills, not over 8 dollars ; snuff mills, not over 9 dollars ; powder mills, not over 15 dollars ; oil mills, not over 9 dollars ; fulling mills, not connected with any factory, not over 4 dollars ; ferries and toll bridges, not over 20 dollars; tanneries, not exceeding 30 cents on each vat; every single man, not over 2 dollars, unless his rateable estate is taxed over that sum, and in case of its being so taxed, he is not liable to this capitation tax; slaves under sixty years old, and able to labor, not over 1 dollar ; distilleries of spirits, not over 35 dollars; other distilleries, not over 10 dollars ; coaches and chariots not over 5 dollars ; phaetons, coaches, or four-wheeled chaises, with steel or iron springs, not over 4 dollars; four-horse stage waggons, not over 5 dollars; two-horse stage waggons, not over 2 dollars and 50 cents; covered waggons with a frame or fixed top, not over 1 dollar; two-horse chaises, or curricles, or riding chairs, with steel springs, not over 1 dollar and 50 cents; gigs, riding chaises, sulkeys, and pleasure waggons, not over 75 cents; dearborn waggons, with springs, not over 75 cents; printing, bleaching, and dyeing establishments, not over 5 dollars; glass factories, not over 5 dollars. The whole real and personal estates of the inhabitants liable to be taxed, are to be valued, and the excess of the amount

of tax to be raised over what is raised by the above excise (certainties] is to be levied upon the estates generally.

President Jackson. Among the resolutions is one eulogizing President Jackson, in which the legislature resolve, that we remember with sentiments of gratitude, his distinguished services for his country in the second struggle for the rights of liberty and independence; that we applaud the intelligence of the people who raised him to the highest office in the gift of a free nation; that upon a fair and full view of his official conduct since he has been President, we pronounce him to have answered our best expectations,' &c.

Besides the acts and resolves above referred to, there are twelve authorizing executors or others to sell real estates; thirteen incorporating, one 'steam-boat company, one aqueduct, two insurance, one banking, one turnpike, one cemetery, two bridge, one mill, one manufacturing, and two fire companies ; eight for the relief of persons; one for divorce; five for dividing or settling the boundaries of towns; eight for draining or improving lands; and one concerning the militia.


At the session begun December 6th, 1830, five hundred and seventy-five acts were passed, most of them, however, upon subjects only of local interest.

Ch. 510.-Soldiers of the Revolution. Clerks of the several courts are forbidden to charge any fees for affixing the seal of office to the testimonials of soldiers of the war of the Revolution, respecting services performed by them during that war.

Ch. 520.--Billiard Tables. The laws authorizing the licensing of billiard tables are repealed. All persons are forbid to set up billiard tables, and after the licenses already granted shall expire, those heretofore set up are to be suppressed. s. 2. The penalty for violating the law is 100 dollars; s. 3. and imprisonment until the fine is paid. s. 4. Justices of the peace are authorized to issue warrants to search places where there is any suspicion of a billiard table being kept. s. 6.

Ch. 521.—Conveyances. Persons out of the state may acknowledge deeds of lands in the state' before any judge or justice of a superior or inferior court of the county, district, or place, where they reside, and if either of the grantors in any such deed be a feme covert, it shall and may be lawful for such judge or justice to examine said feme privily and apart from her husband, whether she, of her own free will, acknowledges said deed, and consents that it may be recorded ; and such acknowledgment by the grantor or grantors in said deed, together with the acknowledgment and privy examination aforesaid of the feme, if there be a feme, being certified by such judge or justice under his hand, with a certificate of the clerk of the court to which said judge or justice belongs, with the seal of his office annexed, that said judge or justice is an acting judge or justice of his court, shall be effectual to pass all the estate and dower, which said grantor or grantors had in the land conveyed.' s. 1.

* That all powers of attorney, acknowledged before any judge or justice of a court, or mayor of a city, by husband and wife, residing out of this state, where the judge or justice, or mayor of a city, shall certify, that he hath taken the acknowledgment of the husband, and that he hath privily and apart from her husband, examined the wife, and that she declared, on such privy examination, that she did freely and voluntarily, without the threats or coercion of her husband, acknowledge the same, and desired that her acknowledgment and privy examination, should be certified to the proper officer, to record it in this state, shall be as good and effectual, to enable the agent to convey any land or estate therein, or to relinquish the dower of the feme, as if the feme were an unmarried woman. Provided however, That the power, to make any such deed good and effectual, against creditors and purchasers, shall be recorded in the office of the clerk of the court of appeals, general court, or that of the county where the land lies, at or before the time required for the recording of the deed, in the proper office, that shall be executed under

any And, provided further, that the mayor shall certify the acknowledgment, under the seal of his mayoralty; and the clerk of the court, where the judge or justice shall certify the acknowledgment, and of the court of which he shall be a judge or justice, shall also annex a certificate, that the person signing himself a judge or justice, is such, and that due faith and credit is due to his official acts, as well out, as in court. s. 3.

· Aldermen of cities shall have the same power to take the acknowledgments of deeds, and the relinquishment of dower, of persons living out of the state, that justices of the peace have, and their acts certified under their hands, together with the certificate of the recorder, or other proper officer of the city, under the seal of his office, if he has one, and if he has none, then under his private seal, shall be as effectual as if the deed had been acknowJedged before two justices of the peace, and certified by the clerk of their court. s. 4.

such power :

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